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Space

NASA is anticipating to conduct the Green Run test as per the timeframe

NASA is hopeful that its upcoming Green Run test for the Space Launch System capsule becomes a success. This launch comes amidst weather-related postponement making the agency hope that next year will be safe for the tests. 

NASA paused its operations on the SLS capsule at the Stennis Space Center after receiving an update of the Gulf of Mexico’s upcoming tropical storms. The anticipated storm will grow into a hurricane before spreading through to the border between Texas and Louisiana. The weather updates reveal that there is a certainty of heavy rains spreading through to the Stennis Center. 

NASA’s assistant administrator for space explorations and technical aspects, Kathy Lueders, stated that the engineers and technicians were conducting trials of the thrust controllers and observations on the engines’ performance. She stated this at the AIAA Propulsion and Energy webinar conference. These trials were preparing the facility to start the Green Run tests in which the liquefied hydrogen and oxygen propellant capacity to run the spacecraft would be checked. 

Kathy articulated that they are ready for pretests this coming September in preparation for the Green Run campaign’s preliminary tests slated for the latest October. 

Lueders stated that if all goes well as planned, then the complete capsule will be reaching the Kennedy Space Center early next year for the upcoming Artemis-1 mission next year. In another virtual meeting, Lueders admitted that they would be extending the launch window of this mission to ensure all operations reach a climax. 

Lueders revealed that the other challenge they are facing is their suppliers’ capability to meet the set targets within the stated timeframe. She said that they were hoping for an upscale production before the coronavirus outbreak overwhelmed the supply chain’s operations. The reduced number of engineers to cut down the budget has resulted in a long time when the suppliers meet the targets. 

Lueders admits that the demand-supply problem is because of the rise in need for spacecraft components by numerous companies. She added that the various companies are pressuring the limited resources from the supply base, which also have limited workers. 

Lueders revealed that they are also experiencing problems in the design of lunar dockers for the Artemis missions in the Human Landing System project. Technically, Dynetics, Blue Origin, and SpaceX are proceeding with their operations to advance the HLS mission. She stated that NASA’s operations are far ahead of these firms hence limited progress. 

Finally, the agency’s primary concern is financial support, where NASA hopes that the HLS can attract $3.3 billion to resume its operations at an explosive speed. However, the Senate is renegotiating terms in the HLS bill to appropriate any funds to the project. Nevertheless, Lueders stated that they are ready to overcome all the challenges and achieve their goals. 

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Space

DoD requires best network surveillance for resilient network transmission

Advancement in communication has enabled the rapid development of communication satellites from one-stand-alone information transmitter to part of a more massive universal web. Those network management devices integrate artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning (ML) seamlessly thrust users between satellite constellation, earth stations, and terrestrial connectivity as expected by the users. Consumers with universal communication requirements such as the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) have a significant advantage because they can benefit directly from the new network connectivity. They can attain that by working together with partners who can potentially operate and advance those connectivity systems. 

Department of Defense has not seized to follow up on the perfect combination of satellite communication strength to support its missions in targeted regions globally. Recently, each branch provided solutions where militaries use spaceships, and others use blended signals from government service providers and constellation. The current military constellations referred to as ‘stovepipe’ structure have little ability to operate between them. Multiple commercial constellations are closed structures, and they require military operators to get the intended modem and other space requirements. 

Department of Defense has now switched recently developed U.S Space Force from the satellite communication administration. Raymond gave out a forward-thinking conception for a white sheet for satellite transmissions, and that calls for the Department of Defense to embrace an open architecture system. Raymond’s opinion combines both military and commercial satellite networks whereby the two convey forces to the earth, at sea and air, preventing network breaks. The idea will also help withstand devalued scarce governing areas. 

That can only take place with sophisticated systems and software, which can manage data of both commercial and military constellations. Hughes Network System, LLC, has made the best tools to be used for networking. It enables the consumers to control network connectivity as it quickly changes to different satellite or modem. An excellent example of Hughes is the Flexible Modem Interface (FMI), which incorporates both Artificial Intelligence (AI) and ML applications to manage communication across multiple frequencies. In the simulation, Hughes used the ability of the FMI-model to explore various satellite networks and activities. 

The FMI and overall capabilities of network management were made because Hughes can manage complex commercial networks for different consumers. The U.S Space Force’s Commercial Satellite Communication Office believes that huge adjustments can help include a variety of commercial internet capacity. As a result, military customers would become commercial subscribers to open-systems architecture services. 

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Space

Red Planet Reconnaissance Orbiter, primary milestones to commemorate fifteen years in space

On August 12, 2005, NASA blasted off the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter from Florida’s Cape Canaveral atop an Atlas V spaceship. After more than ten years in space, MRO has established one of the most productive Martian orbiters of NASA, having mapped Mars in notable detail. To celebrate its fifteen centenaries of being in space, below are some tremendous milestones from this incredible operation. 

  1. March 24, 2007: MRO takes a picture of the Nili Fossae province

The augment color picture, taken by the High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera in March 2007, reveals a region of the Nili Fossae area. The view was part of a series of tests to study more than 24 possible landing locations for NASA’s Curiosity traveler. 

  1. February 19, 2008: Viewing an avalanche

A picture of a massive storm on the Red Planet, captured by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter after MRO revisited the Mars terrain at the north Antarctic cap in the Martian spring, scientists anticipated research on how frosts of the carbon dioxide evaporate from the core dunes.  

It resulted as a surprise after a picture from HiRISE took not less than four separate storms rumbling down an encrusted cliff face that is more than 700 meters (2,296 feet tall. Additional observations proved that similar winds persist in Martian spring, and are possibly triggered after the dust-laden dry ice crumples as iced up carbon dioxide and gradually thaws.  

  1. March 23, 2008: Phobos flyby

The MRO group turned away the HiRISE camera from the Red Planet to picture its two satellites, Deimos and Phobos, at the premier resolution yet acquired. The bigger of the two moons, Phobos, orbits nearer to the Red Planet, spinning the planet one time every seven hours and forty minutes.

Observed in the picture from 6,800 kilometers (4,200 miles), the lunar most remarkable feature that has a potato shape is a crater named Stickney. The probing grooves that seem to emit from the hole and run correspondingly with the longer axis of the moon are believed to be stress fractures, resulting from Martian tidal forces pull and push on the satellite.

  1. February 4, 2009: Spiders from the Red Planet

One of the most impressive MRO discoveries is the unique, organic-appearing patterns that build up in spring at the perimeter of the south Antarctic cap. Resembling spiders or trees and those dark patterns are also referred to as starbursts.

  1. Dec. 18, 2008: Finding the carbs

Before the arrival of the MRO, a key question for the group of researchers was nature of water which run on planet’s surface in its past. On Earth, water action on the rocks does change them into the carbonate minerals including chalk as well as limestone through the weathering process, but the acidic water usually tends to dissolve the carbonates. 

  1. June 25, 2010: The Mars’ wet north

The ancient hydrated minerals found in southern highlands had a disappointing dry history. By the use of the CRISM spectrometer, the researchers focused on various craters as well as identified several signatures from the hydrated, claylike minerals. Crater appeared to have punctured through overlying dry soil to be able to expose ancient layer below that showed evidence that the watery, as well as hospitable conditions, were at one time global, likely four billion years ago. 

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Energy

The ACT State of Australia championing for the transition to EVs moves ahead of other states

The evaluation of the rate of transition to electric vehicles shows that ACT is the frontier with spectacular results in Australia, whereas the national government has the lowest scores. The yearly report submitted by the Electric Vehicle Council shows that ACT is championing strategies to motivate electric vehicles.

Although the electric vehicle uptake numbers for the ACT are low, the CEO of the Electric Vehicle Council Behyad Jafari states that the vital thing is the policies made by the government indicate the possibility of achieving this objective. The Senate commended ACT for their active role in implementing the strategies. It further advised other states to follow suit.

Mr. Jafari explained that Australia is still far behind in this transition to electric vehicles than Europe and other developed nations. However, there are signs that the country is making progress. Although the global sales of electric cars range between 2.5 and 5%, Norway boasts of selling 56% of its EV fleet. On the other hand, EV sales in Australia are at 0.6 percent of the country’s general automotive sales.

With the coronavirus heavily impacting the sales of vehicles worldwide, Australia witnessed only a 20% drop in sales, which coincides with the countries sales rates last year. Before the coronavirus declaration, a pandemic Australia was on an upward sales rate with 200% sales in 2018.

Matters numbers show that ACT is the best EV seller state in Australia, with 83 electric vehicles sold so far for every 10000 ICE cars they sold. The other states, like Queensland and NSW, are operating in the 20s.

Jafari says that Canberra city is one of the technologically receptive states, and therefore the uptake of Evs is high. Nonetheless, the coronavirus pandemic has impacted heavily on the economy of the city, lowering job reliability and the level of disposable income. The natives of Canberra are sensitive to new technology; hence they are anxious to try out the electric vehicles.

Some of the incentives on electric vehicles that have catalyzed the uptake of the ACT vehicles include a 20% reduction in registration charges and exemption from stamp duty. Additionally, the state plans to replace ICE passengers fleet cars with electric vehicle passenger fleet before 2022. The passenger fleet will then go to the private sector at a low price.

Australia is still working on the challenge of insufficient public charging stations, even as the manufacturers of these vehicles work on the mileage range and efficiency of these vehicles for transportation services. Australia’s bestseller has been Toyota Hilux, which finds its use in agricultural, mining, and other economic activities. Thus, the incoming electric vehicles must offer efficiency and capacity to deliver in these activities to thrive in Australia.

Finally, Mr. Jafari hopes that Australia can quickly transition to electric vehicles like the European countries to adapt to the changing technological trends in the global EV industry.

Categories
Space

SES has selected ULA and SpaceX to be its new launch partners

The satellite operator SES has chosen SpaceX and ULA to launch two satellites that will substitute the C-band capacity in the US, which the Federal Communications Commission is rescheduling to support the 5G internet connectivity. 

The agreement between SES and SpaceX also entails acquiring another satellite, which is not under the same order. SES has revealed that the United Launch Alliance will deploy two satellites manufactured by Boeing via one Atlas 5 rocket in the coming two years. On the other hand, SpaceX will be deploying two satellites via Northrop Grumman on Falcon 9 rocket in the same period. 

SES is keen to scrap off any satellite and rocket dealers that are non-US so that the replacement and relocation costs for the FCC suppliers. SES articulated that it is beginning charity at home in a move that will ensure the split of the 500 megahertz spectrum to 200 by the end of 2023. 

SES, Eutelsat, and Intelsat are under siege to ensure that they utilize the US companies to substitute their satellites and the subsequent facilities and services. The firms explained to the FCC that they would opt for US satellite operators only if the FCC allows them to sell the C-band satellites privately. This concept would allow the firms to obtain a high of $60 billion in cash. 

In the light of congressional rejection to the private sale, the FCC decided to publicly auction the satellite spectrum so that the funds from the deal flow directly to the US treasury. Nonetheless, the FCC resorted to auctioning regulations needing the bidders to pay for relocation costs so that the satellite operators efficiently service them for televised devices that require a low spectral range. 

The chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee supervising the FCC, Sen. John Kennedy, communicated with FCC’s chair Ajit Pai telling the commission to motivate the satellite operators to buy their replacement resources and stock from US firms. 

Kennedy explained that if any of the satellite operators resorted to foreign satellite companies, they would have to work out a way to ensure the money cycles back to the American economy. Pai rewrote to Kennedy that they have no power to object to the foreign firms that these satellite operators have affiliations. 

SES has resorted to stay away from political injunctions by identifying satellite and launch service auctioneers among US companies. SES has since lauded ULA’s Atlas 5 rocket as being an American space vehicle for American launches. 

Additionally, SES reiterates that they chose SpaceX considering their pursuit and desire to put America on the roadmap of space dominance. SES intends to order two more satellites following their detailed plan to the FCC. So far, SES has spent $1.67 billion on replacement satellites, launches, ground facilities, and other expenses. 

To sum up, SES is the process of leaving its spectrum to obtain the $3.97 billion for quick relocation. This sum will come from the winning bidders for these FCC contracts. SpaceX and ULA are happy to work with SES to deliver their services. 

Categories
Energy

Some of the most thrilling electric automobiles today

The formal motive for getting an EV is conserving the world. At best, that is what we say to ourselves to substantiate buying a vehicle that usually is more costly compared to petrol or diesel-powered equivalent. Nonetheless, the actual motive why most of us have embraced the drop and shifted to electric is that the tech is quite good, and in multiple situations better compared to what relic fuels can provide.

EVs are often faster when levelled with fossil, the linked technology is much advanced, and most of the latest corporations encompassed have flung the rulebook out, whereby the layout is concerned. Thus, in no specific order, here are the most thrilling electric automobiles around in modern-day.

  1. Tesla Roadster 2020

No self-regarding catalogue of thrilling EVs miss Tesla, as anything the corporation builds has broken fresh ground at the inauguration. The initial Roadster founded the concept that EVs could be thrilling at all, and fruitful release has taken the idea further mainstream. On regards to the 2020 Roadster, Tesla is assuring a 0-60 period of 1.9 seconds, high speed of 250mph as well as a 620-mile range- assuming you are not going at the full velocity

  1. Lotus Evija

It is right that the next in our catalogue is from a legendary U.K sportscar manufacturer Lotus since the initial Tesla Roadster was founded on Lotus Elise. The Evija shall brag 1972hp, placing it as the most powerful production road vehicle when it will be introduced. It assures sub-3 seconds 0-60 miles per hour sprint and a high speed of over 200 miles per hour with a 215-mile range. Nonetheless, unlike Tesla, the Lotus shall be a hypercar of around $2.6 million. 

  1. EV West Electraliner

Electric cars have sped up nailed when likened to the fossil fuels, appreciations to the prompt rotation supply of the engine tech. But overall, they cannot contest at high speed. EV West alongside Hickey Speed have been making a car dubbed as the Electraliner that the corporation is optimistic it shall crush the electric land speed record during the speed week 2020. 

  1. Palatov D2EV 

While on the matter of Bonneville, in 2019, another EV attempted to broach 200 mph on the Salts Flats, even though about 1600 kilograms not in the E2 class. This Palatov is a giant electric kind of the corporation’s D2 bespoke racing vehicle. Palatov incorporated 1300hp of electric engines to attain 0-60 mph in under 2.4 seconds.

  1. Riman C_two

This is the successor of Concept One. Rimac has promised a gob smacking 0-60 within 1.85 seconds as well as 258 mph top speed so that the C_Two can be a real Tesla Roadster contender with the NEDC range of about 402 miles. This vehicle does share a platform with Pininfarina Battista. There is no word on the price, but we do not expect it to be the Tesla Model 3 money. 

Categories
Space

Ball Aerospace completing green propellant SmallSat demo operation

WASHINTON – Ball Aerospace confirms that it has effectively flight-tested a green fuel designed by the Air Force and is considering to lower the altitude of the satellite so that it will be capable of deorbiting later in the summer. 

Brian Marotta, the GPIM attitude determination and control manager at Ball Aerospace, confirmed during a previously recorded SmallSat 2020 conference presentation that the Green Propellant Infusion Mission satellite, established that the new fuel, dubbed AF-M315E is likely to be used in flying a spacecraft.

The Air Force Research Laboratory expanded the green fuel, proposed as a substitute for hydrazine. Marotta stated that AF-M315E is a superior performance fuel, which is also not toxic. It signifies that specialists loading the fuel onto a satellite do not require the protecting gear needed for hydrazine that is corrosive.

Marotta confirmed that GPIM has achieved what it was meant to accomplish and added that they flight-qualified recent home propulsion technology on a very skilled and flexible spaceship platform. 

Marotta stated that Ball Aerospace developed satellite on its BCP-100 SmallSat platform, with only five thrusters of Aerojet Rocketdyne. The mission, funded by NASA, was anticipated to initiate in 2016 on a SpaceX Falcon Heavy, however, postponing with that spaceship’s introduction extended the launch out to June 2019. GPIM stayed in cargo space for about four years while preparing for Falcon Heavy. 

GPIM send-off into a low Earth orbit of 720 kilometers, and carried out three burns, each burn lasted for 6 minutes, to lower to 575 kilometers altitude. Marotta confirmed that Ball Aerospace preferred the maneuver first so GPIM could Deorbit naturally in 25 years during the incident of a malfunction. 

Ball Aerospace carried out a series of propulsive experiments during the initial 13 months since the launch of GPIM. It incorporated a simulated datable analysis where its thrusters were capable of stabilizing the spaceship.

Marotta confirmed that succeeding maneuvers have lessened the altitude of GPIM to about 300 kilometers and will make use of the remainder satellite’s fuel in mid-August to fly down about 180 kilometers, where the atmospheric drag is anticipated to capture the spacecraft in two or four weeks. He added that the remaining flight missions would provide useful data on how the propulsion system functions with age.

GPIM conducts 2 space weather payloads as minor operations for the U.S Defense Department, and the satellite also keeps Defense Department’s Space Object Self tracker. 

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Space

Experienced satellite operators raise concerns over the price strategies of new space industry startups

A new startup in the space industry, NanoAvionics, is winning more contracts courtesy of its affordable charges. The chief executive of NanoAvionics, Brent Abbot, justifies that it all melts down to price when it comes to service providers’ choice. The executive admits that the firm’s expansion is thanks to their current market demand after lowering costs, their reliability in the industry, and their experience in orbits.

Experienced satellite operators are doubtful of the sweet deal, advising customers to evade the price facade. These operators stated this in a virtual meeting courtesy of SpaceNews. 

The lead technologist of LeoStella, Brian Rider, warns customers from going for low prices. LeoStella is a product of the collaboration between Thales Alenia Space and an imaging satellite operator BlackSky. 

Rider advises satellite service customers to observe NanoAvionics’ reliance, efficiency, and the firm’s implementation of its vision. Unless this firm proves its efficiency in fulfilling its contracts from both the operational and infrastructural levels, its low prices are just an impetuous lie.

The founder of Clyde Space, Craig Clark, who is the firm’s current chief strategist, advises customers to watch out for experience and critical achievements as factors for selecting their service provider. Additionally, Marco Villa, Tyvak International’s chief executive, advises satellite operators and customers to evaluate his firm’s track record and consistency in delivering spacecraft to space.

Villa explains that cost will eventually go down once technology advances and production goes on a spree of large scale. He reiterates that people will have to work with the quality and mission reliability after overruling costs. Satellite operators say that once economies of scale set at due to demand, then price will eventually go down.

Clark states that high production will lower the cost of satellite manufacturing, which customers will enjoy. Clark adds that they are yet to reach the production scale that will counter charge. NanoAvionics enjoys economics of scale by producing standardized cubesats with varying sizes.

Abbott states that they develop space vehicles with similar components with variances depending on the mission profile. Other procedures remain constant so that they can view a clear framework for adjustments. L3Harris Technologies also admits to using this concept to meet the orders and deals they have with governmental customers for their small satellites. 

Finally, Tim Lynch of the L3Harris Space and Airborne Systems Multi-Domain Architecture Group states that they have yo frequently other processes when they receive orders from Air Force and the Navy customers. These orders allow them to delve into the glory of economies of scale, a move that they respond to with differential production.

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Energy

Anti-China trade tariffs threatens Indian solar boom

Over the past centuries, the relationship between India and China has been of strain. The June clash took place at the northeastern region border-left 20 Indian militaries dead, which extended into a whole-blown trade rivalry.

In the last two years, India started to impose anti-dumping policies to provide security to its confined solar makers from affordable Chinese imports. Currently, Indian authority has doubled down with a recent series of custom duties on cells as well as components bought from China and Malaysia. 

As stated by the Power and Renewable Energy Ministry, Indian’s strategy is to compel solar components up to 25 percent and a 15 percent duty on cells during the start of the year. The government plans on escalating them to 40% and 30% in that order by 2021. Those penalties were intended to start working following the expiration of the new policies. The authority decided to extend the current security duties to an additional year, technically taxing all imports in a double way. 

The main aim of the strategy is to sift India off its reliance on Chinese goods and allowing Indian manufacturers to occupy the left space. 

India plans on attaining 100GW of solar capacity in the next two years. By the end of March this year, India had already installed 37GW of solar energy. Experts have been filled with worries that quick, short term policies will pose a threat to manufacturers and developers, resulting in slow progress in India.

In a statement, Subrahmanyam Pulipaka, Chief Executive Officer of the National Solar Energy Federation of India (NSFEI), stated that Indian authorities should draw its focus on long term approaches. In case there is no any useful energy evolution that lacks dependence on the imports. 

According to statistics given by Mercom India, a research firm in India, in the last three months of the previous year (2019), 85% of all solar components and cells were bought from China, 5.5% from Vietnam, and 4% from Thailand.

The rate at which India relies on China is to intimate that manufacturers cannot replace imported items with homemade technology in just two years. Foreign investors have drawn much interest towards Indian Solar installation, and the contrary, India does not seem to have the same attraction of that particular energy interest. 

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Energy

ABB breaks ground on the $30 million facility for the Electric Vehicle chargers to be able to meet the Global demand

ABB has confirmed the commencement of establishing its new facility in San Giovanni Valdarno, Italy. The structure will serve as an international Center of Excellence and creation site for making electric vehicle chargers. 

As the firm confirmed, the 16,000 square meter facility is expected to start carrying out its work by the end of next year(2021). 

ABB is an international market leader in e-mobility remedies. The $30 million interest made by the company in its new facility depicts the endless dedication of ABB in steering innovation in the fast thriving division.

 A new facility that invests in an international e-mobility headquarters, fully sustainable and research and development center constructed on the TU Delft Campus Heertjeslaan, the Netherlands will be inaugurated this year. 

The recently erected factory will manufacture ABB’s whole portfolio of immediately established electric vehicle battery chargers from domestic structures. Those chargers will be set ready in public areas as well as urban public transport. 

ABB has promised its full support to the progress and innovation of the company in the e-mobility vicinity. 

In recent years, ABB has been enhancing the growth of the vicinity. Having the new art structure will help to considerably improve the advancement of the e-mobility as it heads towards a zero-emission future. 

The modern building will be characterized by the restoration of the ABB AbilityTM digital findings. 

The facility will enhance total perception and optimization during the generation of each distinctive commodity with the help of interconnected repository administration strategies. 

Automated appliance required by the printed circuit boards, monitoring, and all testing structures will be linked to the factory data system. 

All R&D workouts will happen in a dedicated 3,200 square meter ground for advancement and prototyping.  They will major in exercising inventive remedies, new software, and managing the life cycle of the product. In turn, R&D workouts will be incorporated with manufacturing workouts, both internally and externally. 

To reduce the impact of atmosphere on the structure, there will be the installation of solar panels on the roofs, optimized heating, and cooling system s well as using of EVs by the staff members, sales, logistic and service groups. 

Frank Muehlon, Chief of ABB’s e-mobility infrastructure solutions, assured ABB would manage to meet all the requirements and demands of sustainable global transport. 

Ever since ABB became part of the EV market ten years ago, it has sold over 14,000 DC fast chargers in over 80 nations.