More than ten years ago, there were only two potential options to replace fossil fuel in personal vehicles. These options were to develop vehicles that use electricity and hydrogen. Hydrogen had more options for using it in vehicles. One could fill the car with hydrogen just like fossil fuel, but in the tailpipe, the harmful gases did not come out, it was pure water vapor. The method sounds like it was the best option for a greener environment in the future. The hydrogen gas used did not have any effect in the environment, and the water released was clean, but it varied with the tailpipe. In comparison with the development of the EV battery that is rechargeable, hydrogen appeared a more convenient option for vehicle fuel.
One decade later, it is common knowledge that Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) is currently dominating the shift toward and appears to be more environmentally friendly in whole vehicles in the transport sector. By the end of the year 2019, more than 7,500 hydrogen cars were on the roads in the entire world. By the end of the year, 2018 electric vehicles had dominated the market by more than 5 million (PEV) plug-in electric Vehicles globally, and the sale is increasing daily since they innovated. Currently, the BEV segment in the world is not less than 55 percent and always more than 75 percent. In-country like the UK, according to the information from Motor Manufacturer and Traders, Electric vehicles were more than 4.3 percent of the total amount of vehicles in the market by the end of the year 2020, which is an increase by 13.8 percent from the year 2019. BEV is the current competitor for fossil fuel cars as the best alter for vehicles in this decade.
Toyota, one of the leading vehicle manufacturers in the world, believed in the development of hydrogen vehicle, and it manufactured the credible FCV-R concept the year 2011. The company developed Mirai, the vehicle that was available in the market by the end of 2015. The second-generation vehicle for hydrogen will be in the market by the end of the year 2021. Honda, another manufacturer, released many fuel cell vehicles, and the fuel was clear with FCX clarity. Tucson fuel also is another hydrogen vehicle made from Hyundai. There are many choices available for hydrogen vehicle which are viable for daily usage. The Mirai tank covers more than 312 miles when the tank is fuel.